Science of Turf

 The Science of Artificial Turf


There are many companies in today’s artificial turf industry that market their products with the latest technology and characteristics that create several points of difference. However, in order to find the most fitting product, it is very important to understand the basic science of artificial turf before shopping and going through several products. Taking a closer look into how and why artificial turf is engineered the way it is, along with the materials that are used can be very informational and useful to any consumer curious or interested in artificial grass. The many characteristics and selling points modern turf has are based upon simple science.

With artificial turf’s manmade manufacturing process, each part of the process plays a part in the scientific aspect of turf. Throughout the decades, artificial turf manufacturing has been updated to adhere to technological breakthroughs and the betterment of the final turf product. The most modern artificial turf products are chemically created by utilizing a polymer melted at a very high temperature. The most common polymers used in this process are nylon, polyethylene, and polypropylene. Product budget and product quality are what usually dictate which polymer or polymer blends are used during the melting process. Polypropylene tends to be the cheapest, with nylon usually ending up the most costly. Nylon requires a much higher melting point than polypropylene and polyethylene, which can pose a greater challenge to the overall manufacturing process.

After the polymers are melted and ribbons are formed, the process of tufting is next. Yarns are extruded from the melted polymers and cut individually. Then, these individual yarns are tufted to a fabric backing, usually made from woven polypropylene. Polyurethane is used as a strong and lasting adhesive. After this process is done and the turf product is ready for installation. When installation is complete, an infill layer consisting of small granules of crushed rubber is placed on the surface of the turf for cushioning. This infill layer is beneficial because it helps to keep turf blades upright and straight for a better appearance. The use of infill granules that are tiny aids in precise cushioning within the surface and turf crevices between blades. The use of the infill after the installation process effectively aids in protecting the quality and life of the artificial turf product.

With the extreme temperatures reached to melt down polymers in the turf manufacturing process, high temperatures based upon weather conditions is of minimal concern, especially if your artificial turf surface contains nylon. Areas that are exposed to direct heat and sun will still not pose a threat of melting do to the polymer’s natural components. Most modern artificial turf products on the market today are coated with a special UV protection, which helps to detract heat and any possible extreme weather conditions. The science of artificial turf is the main aspect that contributes to its production, as well as the many technological breakthroughs within the industry over the years. After understanding the basic science of how it is manufactured, it is easier to see how its benefits truly do work to make it a revolutionary landscape product today.